“And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance), as they refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave them in their trespass to wander blindly” [al-An‘aam 6:110].
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This is part of greater understanding: that a man fears that his sins may cause him misfortune at the time of death and keep him from a good end. Imam Ahmad narrated from Abu’d-Darda’ that when he was dying, he would lose consciousness then he would come to and recite: “And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance), as they refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave them in their trespass to wander blindly” [al-An‘aam 6:110]. Because of that, the early generation feared sins, lest they kept them from a good end.
Al-Jawaab al-Kaafi by Ibn al-Qayyim, 167
Du’aa’ is one of the most beneficial of remedies; it is the enemy of calamity; it wards it off, remedies it, prevents it befalling, alleviates it or reduces it if it befalls. It is the weapon of the believer. In the case of calamity, one of three scenarios must apply:
- It (du’aa’) is stronger than the calamity, so it wards it off;
- It is weaker than the calamity, so the calamity overpowers it and befalls the person, but it may reduce it even if it is weak
- They resist one another and each impedes the other.
Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimullah) al-Jawaab al-Kaafi (p. 4)
Allaah ordained punishment for zina that differs from the punishment for other crimes in three ways:
1 – Execution in the most unpleasant form; when the punishment is reduced, it still combines the physical punishment of flogging with the emotional punishment of banishment.
2 – He forbade people when carrying out the punishment on the adulterers, to feel pity for them that would prevent them from carrying out the punishment. By His mercy towards them He prescribed this punishment, and He is more merciful to them than you, but His mercy did not prevent Him from ordaining this punishment, so your pity should not prevent you from carrying out His command…
3 – He enjoined that their punishment be carried out in the presence of some of the believers; it should not be done in isolation where no one can see them. That is more effective in serving the purpose of the punishment, and serves as a deterrent. End quote.
Ibn Qayyim – Al-Jawaab al-Kaafi, p. 144, 115